The History of Korean Traditional Wear
Hanbok is a traditional Korean dress and one of the most beautiful fashion styles in the world. The history of Hanbok can be traced back to 2000 years ago. You might have noticed your favourite Korean stars in K-drama and K-pop wearing Hanbok. Korean men and women wear this traditional clothing at birthday parties, weddings, and major holidays.
If you are a non-Korean and interested in knowing the history of the Hanbok, this post is for you. Read it and explore what hanbok is, how it is made and why Koreans wear hanbok.
What Is the History of Hanbok?
In ancient times, the main aim of making hanbok was to create an outfit that facilitated ease of movement. The history of this traditional Korean dress can be traced back to the Three Kingdoms of Korea period (Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla from 1st century BC–7th century AD). The earliest form of Hanbok was depicted in Goguryeo tomb murals in the 5th century.
The basic structure of Hanbok, as shown in the ancient arts, consisted of:
- jeogori jacket
- Baji pants
- Chima skirt Po Coat
The name “hanbok” was first used in the 1881 document Jeongchiilgi to differentiate Korean clothing from Japanese and Western clothing. However, the origin of the name Hanbok is unclear. Later, at the beginning of 1900, the hanbok became an ethnic symbol of Korean clothing. In 1996, the first Hanbok day was established to encourage Koreans to wear this outfit.
What Is the History of Children’s Hanbok?
In Korea, children wear hanbok on their first birthday. Children wore Kkachi durumagi on Seollal, New Year’s Day in the Lunar calendar in ancient times. It is a colourful overcoat and also called “obangjang durumagi” (meaning an overcoat of five directions). Kids used to wear it over their jeogori (jackets) and jokki (vest) and put a long vest called a “jeonbok” over it. Young boys used to wear a peaked cloth hat called “bokgeon” and a pleated cloth hat with a tiger pattern called “Hogeon.”
What Does Wearing Hanbok Mean?
Wearing hanbok means traditional Korean dress for formal and semi-formal occasions such as weddings, festivals, kids’ first birthday parties (doll), etc. Traditionally, Hanbok colours depict the 5 elements of the yin and yang theory: white (metal), red (fire), black (water), blue (wood), and yellow (earth).
What Material Is Hanbok Made Of?
In ancient days, the hanbok for the upper class was made of closely woven ramie cloth, light fabric, or patterned silk. The middle-class hanbok was made of cotton. Nowadays, the commonly used fabrics for Hanbok are muslin, silk, and satin, besides cotton and woven hemp. Hanboks have a linear shape and are made with flat fabric. The exceptional feature of the Hanbok is that it gains dimensionality only when someone wears it.
What Does Hanbok Look Like?
Traditionally, the women’s hanbok consists of jeogori and chima (skirt), while the men’s hanbok has jeogori and baji (pants) and usually a short coat called “baeja.” Children’s hanbok have the same style as men’s and women’s. Natural dyes are used to colour the Hanbok’s fabric. The thin top and wide bottom of the Hanbok look like a bell, and it is a unique feature that distinguishes it from other traditional costumes. This outfit’s straight and curved lines represent a unique Korean aesthetic and design.
Korean ladies usually wear special footwear with Hanbok called kkotshin, dinghy, and unhye (silk shoes with blossom weaving), while men wear heukhye and taesahye.
The modern Hanbok is the evolution of the traditional Hanbok. Many South Korean designers, including Kim-Hye Soon and Leesle Hwang, have started designing more comfortable and daily-wearable Hanboks.
Why Is the Hanbok Important?
Hanbok is important because it represents Korean culture. The colour of the hanbok depicts the wearer’s marital status and social position. The patterns and embroidery on the Hanbok show the person’s wishes for wearing it. The printed flowers on the wedding dress, such as peonies on the Hanbok, symbolise the wish for honour and wealth. In the past few days, tigers, cranes, dragons, and phoenixes were printed on royal officials’ hanbok.
Can Non-Koreans Wear Hanbok?
Yes, non-Koreans can also wear the hanbok. It depends on your love and respect for a culture. Non-Koreans usually wear hanbok for appreciation and cultural exchange. You can wear their traditional costumes as long as you respect their culture. Make sure not to mock or make fun of any culture.
Korean traditional wear Hanbok’s classic look and elegant flowing design are unique among all other cultural costumes. Nevertheless, it is an art piece that depicts the beauty of nature. If you are a non-Korean and respect other cultures, try this amazing outfit. We are confident that you will fall in love with this traditional attire.